Mobilisation, Action, Solutions and Peaceful Resistance.
Permaculture food forests are the next step for humanity. When enough people realize what permaculture can do for our species our hunger problems will be solved. It will be the catalyst to humanities evolution.
What is permaculture?
Permaculture is the imitation of nature. In design, function and certain rules that nature has to keep things in balance. Balance is key to permaculture. Trees that fix nitrogen into the soil are a key component to permaculture food forests as they nourish the ground. Other plants may put other nutrients into the soil also when branches are chopped off and placed on the ground to rot. This is called “chop and drop”, you do this to plants you designed to nourish the landscape.
You are trying to build a forest of food and the way you do this is by constructing a layered forest. The top layer is the canopy; the trees you let grow the biggest. The next layer down is the lower tree layer, these trees can be a dwarfed tree variety. Then you have a shrub layer, then a herbaceous layer, a soil surface layer and a vine/climbing layer. On all of the layers of your forest you can have food crops; this helps you use the most of your space for maximum food.
How does permaculture compare to modern agricultural practices?
The difference between permaculture and agriculture is that agriculture uses a system that isn’t natural for growing food. Typically foods are grown in a monoculture fashion which leaves the plants a target for insect attacks.
In the wild an insect would have to look for particular plants it can eat. Imagine you loved cabbage, then you come across 1000 cabbages planted on a farm all in a group, nothing is going to stop you. It is because of this fact that conventional farmers have to use pesticides which kill the insects but also are absorbed by the plant which is eaten by you.
Permaculture copies from nature in its design, because nature works. Every plant has numerous properties that are either beneficial or detrimental to the surrounding plants depending on the surrounding plants properties. By successfully combining companion plants you can build a forest of plants that will naturally thrive because of each other.
Some plants attract predator insects that eat pest insects. Some attract pollinating insects. Some repel mosquitoes. Some improve the flavor of surrounding plants. The possible combinations are nearly endless.
Garlic planted around fruit trees aids the tree in a number of ways. It repels pests naturally without resorting to pesticide.
I strongly believe that if humanity adopted permaculture on a large scale that we could solve the worlds hunger problems easily. Permaculture has been used to transform a desert into a fully functioning eco system that was self sustaining and feeds the population.
Recommended videos to watch about permaculture: